Ardupilot Mega Rover remotely controlled with smartphone

Overview

In the standard setup of the Ardupilot Mega (APM) for Rovers you would deploy a conventional RC for manual control: the RC receiver feeds the input channels of the APM with PWM signals for Rover movement and for executing special functions such as switching flight modes.

If you replace the conventional remote control receiver with a PiKoder receiver such as the WLAN receiver PiKoder/SSC wRX, then the Ardupilot can be controlled via a smartphone, for example in the rover configuration. As an user interface, either the Android remote control apps udpRC or picCAR can be used for this application or the browser interfacedescribed in the previous article.

Setting up the rover

First, the APM is loaded with the Mission Planner with the ROVER configuration; a further adjustment of the parameters was not necessary in my case.

The following image shows the very simple hardware setup.

The PiKoder – channel 1 is connected to the APM input 1 (steering) and the PiKoder – channel 2 to the input 3 (throttle). The standard rover wiring is used at the output side (steering servo on channel 1, ESC with BEC on channel 3). In this configuration, the Ardupilot takes over the power supply of the receiver.

The Ardupilot does not respond to PWM signals that are below or exceeding the typical range of approx. 1,000 – 2,000 µs. Therefore, the minimum and maximum values of the pulse values of the PiKoder/SSC have to be adjusted, as shown in the following figure.

For this purpose, the PiKoder Control Center (PCC) is used as described in the User’s Manual for the PiKoder/SSC wRX.

This completes the set up; the function of the apps is described in the user manuals.

Outlook

The implementation of further configurations and functions has now been done and incorporated into the Android app udpRC4UGV, which is described in the continuation of this blog.

Since both the apps are open source and the receiver protocol is disclosed, you can of course also make your own modifications and extensions.